About Pain Management
Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug usually prescribed to reduce pain due from major injury, surgery, or health conditions like cancer.
Naloxone is a medicine that can rapidly reverse the effects of an opioid in the event of an overdose. It can prevent death if given in time and can quickly restore normal respiration to a person whose breathing has slowed or stopped.
There are three FDA-approved formulations of naloxone — injectables, prefilled auto-injection devices (EVZIO®), and nasal sprays (NARCAN®).
The liquid injectables are commonly administered by medical professionals. Depending on the state in which you live, friends, family members, and others in the community may give the auto-injector or nasal spray to someone who has overdosed. Some states require a physician to prescribe naloxone; in other states, pharmacies may distribute naloxone in an outpatient setting without a prescription.
People who are given naloxone should be observed constantly until emergency care arrives and for at least two hours by medical personnel after the last dose of naloxone to make sure breathing is stable.
Naloxone is an extremely safe medication that only has a noticeable effect in people with opioids in their systems. It can cause withdrawal symptoms that may be uncomfortable but are not life-threatening, including headache, changes in blood pressure, rapid heart rate, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and tremors.